Category Archives: Psychology

Psychological Studies Can Only Be Replicated 39 Times Out of 100

Scientific evidence is only accepted by the larger scientific community when the results can be replicated and duplicated by various other researchers. And psychology is no stranger to the strict and rigid guidelines each theory must go through in order to be accepted by professional in the field. However, psychology has also long been thought of to be unreliable and unscientific by those who practice what is called “hard sciences” such as physics and biology. Check out Brian Torchin’s take on the matter by following his Google Plus account. Unfortunately, a new study provides even more reason to be apprehensive about accepting psychological data into the scientific community.

In an attempt to replicate data found in major psychological studies, researchers duplicated 100 studies and the results were troubling. Only 39 studies out of 100 were able to be reproduced under the same conditions as the original experiment. These findings are indicative of a widespread problem throughout the psychological community that causes distrust and credibility issues among scientists.

Though, since psychology is the study of the human mind, a highly subjective area of research, it shouldn’t be a surprise that findings are often unable to be replicated, Unlike the hard sciences, psychology tries to explain phenomenon that cannot be observed with any instruments, while the data collected is often through descriptions given my participants. Nonetheless, researchers are trying to find new ways to approach psychological research in order to make studies repeatable in order to gain the respect and trust of fellow scientists.

A More Mindful Approach To Depression Could Be Effective

Fersen Lambranho said that a new approach to treating depression may be becoming available to millions of patients sooner than later. A mindfulness-based depression therapy is showing promise and studies have determined that this approach is actually as effective as anti-depressant medication in many instances. In patients that have been studied while using this approach, they were less likely to relapse and experience depression. This treatment option is currently being used in England as well as Wales with great success and the hopes are that it comes to the United States soon.

Mindfulness is designed to put each individual in charge of their own future and well being. Patients are educated to notice when they are becoming at risk of becoming depressed or falling back into old habits. This can prevent a patient from having to go back on medication. Many people do not appreciate the side effects of many of the antidepressant drugs on the market or are unable to take them and mindfulness gives people a set of skill that they can use long term to manage their mental health and well being.

This mindful approach is being encouraged to medical professionals in the United States. It has proven to be useful for all different kinds of depression and with the help of a trusted doctor and / or therapist, success and happiness can be achieved; drug free.

New Research Reveals Horrific Common Sense Issue

Lack of common sense in a single person often makes others shake their head in surprise. Yet, it’s the lack of common sense among the most educated of humanity that has many people shaking their heads today.

It’s well known that babies across mammal species experience pain like their adult counterparts. But, until this week, many doctors believed that human babies were somehow more specially resistant to pain then every other mammal on the planet.

Oxford University scientists performed magnetic resonance imaging tests on healthy adults and babies — 10 adults ages 23 to 36 and 10 babies between one and six days old — to cross-reference the activity in their brains when exposed to painful scenarios. The scientists looked at 20 regions of the brain and found (wait for it) that 18 of the regions had the same responses in babies as they did in adults. The babies were actually more sensitive to pain than the adults.

Folks like Igor Cornelsen are wondering: Why is anyone questioning whether babies feel pain in this day and age?

A study last year into neonatal intensive care pain management found that 60 percent of babies who receive approximately 11 painful procedures in a single day didn’t receive any pain medication.

While PETA and other animals right’s groups fight to protect the infants of other animal species by arguing that they feel pain, few humans have been fighting for the protection of babies.

Paranoia can be controlled using cognitive behavioral therapy

Paranoia takes over your life. Going outside or to a big window makes it worse. That is why paranoid people isolate themselves to stay safe from what is out there threatening them, at least in their mind. Fear is constant and worry goes with them everywhere. It is quite common in the population, but when the paranoia takes over your life, it is associated with isolation, depression and anxiety. More information on paranoia, such as causes and symptoms, can be found athttp://depression-guide.com/paranoia.htm. Schizophrenics and people with related mental disorders are constantly paranoid that someone is trying to harm them. A study published in The Lancet Psychiatry was done at the University of Oxford which strongly suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy focusing on worry decreases paranoia and lessens symptoms in schizophrenics after six sessions. The subjects in the study all had severe paranoia that did not respond to medication. The therapy targets low self-esteem and sleep deprivation. By the end of the therapy, they were less fearful of people and happier without the constant worry. This decreased worry lasted for six months. This style of cognitive behavioral therapy included teaching the person to interrupt their worry and distract themselves by doing something else stated Marc Sparks. Being able to take off the heavy blanket of paranoia sounds great.

Taking a New Look at the Unconscious

When people think about the mind, they tend to imagine it as a singular entity. When someone thinks, they usually postulate an inner singular being who is doing it. It’s a common view of the world. However, science has long discredited the basic idea behind it said Marc Sparks. According to bizjournals.com, we know that the human mind is a collection of multiple processes. Somewhat surprisingly, people aren’t aware of most of the thinking that’s going on within their brain.

The extent to which the unconscious is actually processing data has been a point of contention for a long time now. However, it’s a difficult experiment to conduct. How can one test a subject about things he doesn’t consciously know about? It’s not only a difficult study to conduct, but one that’s even harder to do properly. There’s a good reason that so much of the research in this area has come about by studying people with neurological damage. When something goes wrong in the brain, it often makes it easier to work with the unconscious.

However, a recent study used something known as continuous flash suppression to essentially pose a mathematical question to subject’s unconscious mind. One eye was bombarded with distracting imagery. The other eye was eventually presented with a simple math problem. The subjects were then asked to read off a list of numbers. The subjects tended to be faster when reading off the number which answered the math problem. The findings are quite significant, in that they suggest that the math problems were solved by the unconscious. This suggests that the unconscious mind can perform fairly advanced tasks.

Your Brain And Your Blood Type

 

There are many different factors that contribute to brain health including genetics, diet, lifestyle, physical activity and more. Now, new research has shown that your blood type may actually contribute to your brain health as well. As you age and your cognitive abilities decline, paying attention to your blood type may actually give you the edge that you need to stay alert and informed.

Ricardo Tosto told me that you can go to this blog, leitetostoinforma.wordpress.com to read the discussion about  studies completed by the University Of Vermont showed that people with the blood type AB are actually at a higher risk of developing cognitive impairments later on in life. This data was collected from 30,000 adults that were over the age of 45.

Researchers have not yet determined why blood type increases the risk of cognitive impairment but the risk is real and may contribute to an overall risk for stroke or heart attack. There have been other studies that have concluded that blood type affects a person’s brain. People with Type A blood are prone to having obsessive compulsive disorder while people with Type O blood may be at a higher risk for developing depression and anxiety.

Probiotics May Be New Treatment for Depression

A new study conducted in England offers new hope for those whose suffer with depression and anxiety disorders. Natural probiotics may be the new treatment for depression or at least aid in the treatment plans for depression and anxiety.

Probiotics a nd naturally found in the human digestive system, they are often referred to a ‘good bacteria’. These good bacteria aid in digestion and according to the new study I learned about from Skout, may also alter the way emotional information is processed. So have too many or too few good bacteria in your gut can cause you to be depressed or have anxiety issues.

The study gave participants probiotics and prebioitc supplements for three weeks. Some of the test participants also received a placebo. Those participants who received the probiotics and prebiotics were found to have a reduced amount of cortisol in their saliva than those who were given placebos. Cortisol is the stress hormone produced by the body which is responsible for high anxiety levels and weight gain around the mid-section which is attributed to several health problems.

Those with reduced levels of cortisol also had reduced levels of stress and anxiety, elevating their mood naturally and lifting them out of depression. Probiotics and prebiotics are found in many yogurt products and are easy to incorporate into a healthy diet.

Watch Out For Depressing Jobs

In a recent study that was done by the Journal of social psychiatry and psychiatric etymology it was suggested that some jobs may be contributors to high amounts of depression. It was interesting to note that industries with the highest of depression.with public transit, real estate, social work, personal services, legal services and publishing. There are some things that the jobs that have the highest amount of depression have in common. They all involve interactions with customers that may be stressful or problematic. The industries in which there was the lowest amount of depression were recreation services, highway construction, and coal mining, according to profiles on Linkedin that Ben Shaoul had been studying.

It seems like the jobs that involve a less amount of contact with people and more physical movements contribute to a person being more content working and that means less prone to depression. It is a good idea to investigate more into this study in order to find ways to make these jobs less stressful on those that are carrying them out. It is is smart to look at the jobs that may cause a person to be depressed before a person decides to go into a certain career. Even though person should try going into a career that is going to be best for them, at the same time a person’s mental health is of utmost importance.